Hungary

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A Landscape Shaped by an Epic Past

Landlocked Hungary is bordered by seven countries, and has sat at the crossroads of Middle Europe for centuries. Yet it exudes a very unique character. Proud Magyar residents, and a history filled with Romans, Ottomans and Habsburgs, have carved out a landscape filled with profound architectural marvels. From the capital, Budapest, to cities and towns across the country, visitors will discover churches and cathedrals, Roman ruins, and architecture spanning Neoclassical to Baroque and Art Nouveau styles.

Hungary is covered by the Danube EU macro-regional strategy and the priorities of the strategy include protecting the environment, and connecting the region through culture and tourism. These priorities clearly come across in many of the country’s most renowned attractions, from its architectural gems to its archaeological sites. Set off along the Hungarian portion of four revealing cultural routes and discover how the Romans shaped the wine culture, where the pilgrimage of Saint Martin of Tours begins, and how Budapest’s love affair with thermal spas started.

How to get there?

Visitors to Hungary can arrive by car, bus or plane from around Europe and the rest of the world. There are several international airports in major cities such as Budapest, Debrecen, Sármellék, Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány. Hungary is bordered by Austria, the Slovak Republic, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia, and there are international train connections to all countries. Cycle tourism is on the rise in Hungary and there is now very good cycle infrastructure. EuroVelo routes 6, 11 and 13 pass through the country.

  • Time Zone
    GMT +1
  • Population
    9.8 million
  • Capital
    Budapest
  • Official language
    Hungarian
  • Currency
    ft or HUF (1 EUR = 312.96 HUF)

EU citizens do not need a visa to visit Hungary

Cultural Routes in Hungary

Four cultural routes have stops in Hungary. While Hungary is part of the Danube macro-region, which includes Czech Republic, Ukraine, and the Slovak Republic, its cultural routes aren’t limited to this macro-region. The European Route of Thermal Towns is the longest to include Hungary. It connects countries as distant as the UK, Italy and Azerbaijan. In total, it covers 40 destinations in 15 countries. Other routes in Hungary include the Réseau Art Nouveau Network, the Roman Emperors and Danube Wine Route, and the Saint Martin of Tours Route.

Réseau Art Nouveau Network

Art Nouveau was a pan-European artistic style which flourished in the latter part of the 19th century, and was driven by a desire for modernity, precision, and the use of innovative materials. Each country interpreted it slightly differently, giving rise to distinct cultural variations. Hungary’s architecture is of great significance to the movement, with prominent artists such as Ödön Lechner creating masterpieces throughout the city. The Réseau Art Nouveau Network strives to protect and showcase Art Nouveau architecture, furniture and decoration from across Europe, creating a route which stretches from Helsinki, Finland to Barcelona, Spain.

European Route of Historical Thermal Towns

For centuries people have sought out the hot, healing mineral springs of Europe, and this rich tradition has continued on into the present day, creating a thermal cultural heritage which is a part of the continent’s history and identity. The European Route of Historical Thermal Towns spans 15 countries, 40 destinations and hundreds of thermal baths. Of these, Hungary is the only country whose capital city is included. Together the towns on this route – which stretches from Bath, UK to Pammukale, Turkey – reveal how the pursuit of wellness has influenced not just the landscape, but architecture, art and social life.

 

Roman Emperors and Danube Wine Route

Wine arrived in the central Danube region with the Roman Emperors between the 2nd and 4th centuries. The Roman Emperors and Danube Wine Route brings together the archaeological sites, places and vineyards which tell the story of the expansion and defence of the Roman Empire on the Danube frontier. Where there were soldiers, there was wine, and it is through this connection that the route was born. It spans five countries: Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania, bringing to life not just the strategies of prominent emperors, but with the introduction of vineyards, the interaction of the Romans with the local people.

Saint Martin of Tours Route

Saint Martin of Tours was one of the most revered Christian saints during the 4th century, and his shrine in Tours, France became an important pilgrimage site during the Early Middle Ages. Later it became a crucial stopping point on the pilgrimage to Compostela, Spain. Today, cities across Europe are linked by Saint Martin, who travelled extensively and in whose name thousands of monuments have been dedicated, including 14 cathedrals. The 5,000km-long Saint Martin of Tours Route spans 10 countries and connects the legends, traditions and folklore pertaining to the saint’s life, from Szombathely, Hungary, (the place of his birth) to Tours, France (the place of his burial).

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